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The Hemp Shop's Guide to CBD Products

Everything you need to know before buying CBD.


Hemp Shop CBD Guide


The Hemp Shop offers a wide range of fantastic quality and great value products made from the Industrial Hemp plant, and we’ve been doing it since 1995. These products celebrate all that is great about eco-living, health and wellness.

We pride ourselves on our extensive research and in-depth knowledge of the powerful and sustainable hemp plant. Every product we have ever sold is tested and approved before going on sale. Since the origins of our shop we have been aware of the astonishing healing nature of this plant through our many years of selling Hemp Essential Oil. Much more is now known about this ancient oil and particularly the power of the Terpenes within it for healing the body and mind.

We are now delighted to bring you the best of cannabidiol (CBD) products in the market today. We believe these products are the perfect supplement to a healthy lifestyle.

Please note that we are not medical practitioners and none of the information in this guide should be considered as medical advice. All our products are sold to help promote everyday wellbeing. They are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.



Before we get started. If you're interested in CBD, then you might also like our Hemp Essential Oil. Click the image below to read our guide to Hemp Essential Oil. Learn about the differences and find out if it's right for you!

The Hemp Shop Essential Oil Guide


CONTENTS:


WHAT IS CBD?

CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are powerful compounds that interact with the endocannabinoid system in our bodies.

CBD (Cannabidiol) is non-intoxicating, unlike it’s more famous cousin THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) known for getting users “high”.


DOES CBD GET YOU HIGH?

No. CBD products we sell at The Hemp Shop, contain zero or trace amounts of the other main cannabinoid that can be found in cannabis, namely THC – this is the compound in Cannabis that leads to the intoxicating effects that are commonly associated with marijuana and can get you high. CBD products are made from Industrial Hemp which legally requires less than 0.02% THC and will therefore not have an intoxicating effect.

While many sources use the word “non-psychoactive” when talking about CBD, what they actually mean is “non-intoxicating”. CBD is psychoactive, but not intoxicating. There’s an important distinction there. A chemical is psychoactive if it acts on the central nervous system and alters brain function, which CBD certainly does. CBD will not result in obvious cognitive changes, or withdrawal effects when you stop using it.

endocannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system is made up of a series of receptors throughout our bodies.
The two main receptors are known as CB1 and CB2.


WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) discovered in 1992, is one of the most valuable biological systems for maintaining human health and function. Essentially it helps keep the body in balance. The ECS is a whole network of receptors connected from your brain and throughout the body, including the immune system, the pain signalling system, and the musculoskeletal system. Cannabinoids activate the receptors along the system to alter neurotransmitter releases in the brain, and as such, can influence bodily functions such as appetite, pain, memory, mood and anxiety.

The body does create its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids to help support this regulatory system, but CBD supplements help to keep the receptors working at their best. It is similar to how we use vitamin C to boost our immune system - CBD acts as a kick-starter to help the functions of the body’s central regulatory system.


IS CBD OIL THE SAME AS HEMP SEED OIL?

No. Hemp Seed Oil comes from cold pressing the seed of the industrial hemp plant. This is a fantastically healthy oil full of Omega 3 and 6 but it does not contain any significant amounts of CBD.

CBD Delivery Methods


HOW DO YOU TAKE YOUR DAILY DOSE OF CBD?

The body can absorb CBD via different delivery systems. We outline the main ones below:

CBD Oil

CBD oils are the most common form of delivery for CBD products. This usually refers to products made from CBD extracted from the hemp plant through CO2 extraction and combined with a carrier oil (usually olive oil, or hemp seed oil). CBD is a fat-soluble substance, so combining it with a fatty carrier oil results in an increase in bioavailability (the ability for your body to absorb the CBD). It is easy to administer: a drop of oil under the tongue as per the recommendations of the manufacturer. It enters your bloodstream through the sublingual artery, and any that is swallowed is absorbed by your digestive system.

CBD oils are highly concentrated, so only a few drops are necessary to feel the effects.


Capsules

For people used to a regular routine of taking supplements in a capsule form. CBD capsules offer an advantage of no taste and smell and all one needs to do is swallow a capsule with some water. The CBD is then absorbed by your digestive system.


Topicals

Topical CBD products are applied directly to one’s skin which absorbs the CBD. Topical CBD products include CBD salves, creams, balms and lotions. These topical CBD products are often used for treating skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.


Edibles

Taken orally, the CBD is absorbed via digestion – breaking down nutrients and circulating them around your body. One can get a dose by eating CBD-infused:

  • Gummies
  • Chocolate
  • Tea

As the CBD industry develops we're seeing an increasing variety of CBD edibles and drinks hit the market, so keep an eye out for more delicious ways to ingest CBD in the future.


Tinctures

CBD tinctures are CBD dissolved in an alcohol solution. Tinctures are great for adding to food and cooking, as the CBD is in a state that is more readily absorbed by the digestive system. The shelf life of CBD tinctures is often higher than that of CBD oils.


Paste

CBD Paste is a highly concentrated form of CBD, used in much the same ways as CBD oil. The paste is best absorbed sublingually (placed under the tongue and held for a few minutes).


Water Soluble CBD

Many companies now offer “water-soluble CBD”. In most cases, this means that the CBD has been broken down into smaller “nanoparticles”. Water-soluble CBD can be taken orally, mixed with drinks or added to food and boasts higher bioavailability than other forms of CBD delivery.


WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF CBD?

  • Antiemetic (reduces nausea and vomiting)
  • Anticonvulsant (suppresses seizures)
  • Anti-inflammatory (mitigates inflammatory disorders)
  • Antitumoral (fights tumor and cancer cells)
  • Anxiolytic (Combats anxiety and depression)
  • Antioxidant (tempers neurodegenerative disorders)
  • Antipsychotic (mediates psychotic disorders)
CBD Dosage


HOW MUCH CBD SHOULD YOU TAKE?

CBD is a low-risk substance to ingest. It is worth everyone’s time and effort to find an optimal dose.

If you are new to CBD, it is important to record your experience. This is because the dosage is unique to everyone. A dose that is effective for one person may not be effective for another. There are varying factors which result in desired effects and medical benefits. One needs to experiment to find what works.

Prior to taking CBD, consider the following factors

  • Weight
  • Diet & Metabolismt
  • Requirements & expectations – is the CBD for general wellness or is it for a specific ailment?
  • Tolerance


Record your CBD intake. Did you eat before, during or after taking CBD? How did you feel before and after? Did anything else take place which could have affected the experience?

Take each dose for at least three days before altering, so your body has time to react. If you encounter any undesired effect, then decrease the dose.

For people with an ailment, increase the dosage until you achieve the desired effect. Increase or reduce the dosage as required until you experience relief from your symptoms.

Always check the manufacturer's recommendations for maximum CBD intake in any 24-hour period.


WHAT IS CO2 EXTRACTION?

There are different methods to extract CBD from a cannabis plant. It is important to The Hemp Shop to engage with the most ecofriendly and the purest method of extraction. The gold standard of these is the CO2 extraction method which uses a fluid state of Carbon Dioxide as a solvent. This unique method can produce a pure and clean extract containing not only CBD, but also the full spectrum of powerful substances naturally occurring in hemp – and this is possible without the need for solvents or chemicals that could remain in the final product. We are happy to announce all the CBD products we stock are CO2 extraction.

  1. CO2 is a natural product
  2. CO2 is nontoxic
  3. the CBD extraction process does not contribute to any carbon emission increases
  4. CO2 extraction does not bring any flammable petroleum-based solvents (such as butane) into contact with one’s medicine.
  5. It encourages the entourage effect of the plant.
CBD Entourage Effect


WHAT IS FULL PLANT EXTRACT AND THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT?

Whole plant hemp extract keeps the full properties of the hemp plant intact. There are extra medicinal benefits to be had when the whole plant is used as a medicine, rather than only extracting the CBD. This is known as the entourage effect.

In addition to cannabinoids, the full plant extract includes terpenes, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, phytonutrients and any other materials that are extracted from the hemp plant.

Science indicates plant components interact with one another to create an enhanced effect, improving absorption and effects in the body for a sum greater than its individual parts.


IS IT SAFE TO TAKE CBD?

In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) published CBD as safe and well-tolerated in humans, and not associated with any negative public health effects (WHO: Expert Committee on Drug Dependence).

In 2017, the UK’s Medicines and Healthcare product’s Regulatory Agency (MHRA) classified CBD as a medicinal ingredient.

If you wish to reduce your intake of pharmaceutical drugs, then perhaps a CBD product is exactly what you need.

CBD Doctor


SHOULD I CONSULT A DOCTOR BEFORE USING CBD?

It is a good idea to speak to your doctor before taking any substance for medicinal purposes. A doctor can provide clinical information for an ailment and offer advice accordingly. We have heard of a number of doctors recommending CBD products to their patients, so it seems that it is becoming increasingly well known within the medical establishment.

CBD can interfere with existing medications if you happen to be taking any. So those who are already on medication for conditions should proceed with the utmost of caution, and consult your GP before use.


ARE THERE ANY SIDE EFFECTS?

Strictly speaking, side effects are those which impact food intake, heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure. CBD affects none of these (regarding ‘food intake’ – that is down to CBD reducing nausea).

At high doses of CBD one can experience drowsiness. However, if you are taking CBD for insomnia, then this is an effect not a side effect.

CBD may affect other medications one might be taking, due to the fact it inhibits liver enzymes from metabolizing drugs. Therefore, one should check with a doctor about any possible conflict of medications.

CBD Certificate of Analysis


WHAT IS A CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS?

A certificate of analysis is produced when the product is tested by a lab. This shows the amount of CBD in the product and can also show any terpenes that are present. CBD products are also tested to ensure they do not contain any heavy metals. The Hemp Shop only stocks products where a 3rd party Certificate of Analysis is available. To view this, visit the relevant product page.


COMMON CBD TERMINOLOGY

Some of the language used around CBD products can seem quite confusing. We’ve tried to de-code some of them here:

Milligram servings

CBD by the Milligram is the best way to keep track of one’s CBD intake.

CBD %

This is the amount of a CBD ingredient within the total ingredients of the CBD product (i.e the carrier oil is another ingredient).

CBD Plant Extract %

In a full plant extract, this is the % of that extract which is CBD.

Full Spectrum

Full spectrum CBD extract contains the full range of cannabinoids and terpenes from the Cannabis Sativa plant, INCLUDING small amounts of THC (up to the threshold allowed under UK law).

Broad Spectrum

Broad spectrum CBD extract contains the full range cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis sativa plant, EXCLUDING THC.

CBD Isolate

This refers to 100% pure CBD, with no other cannabinoids or terpenes.


MORE INFORMATION FOR UNDERSTANDING DOSAGE AND COMPARING PRODUCTS

At The Hemp Shop we realise how difficult it can be to compare one CBD product to the next. We think that the most important thing to be aware of is the amount of Milligrams (MG) of CBD that is in each product that you are thinking about buying.

Some manufacturers just refer to a % of CBD in their product. This is useful to know as it tells you how concentrated the CBD is in that particular product and helps you work out how much you need to consume each day to get the required amount. However, we wouldn’t recommend price comparing using the % of CBD as it very much depends on how large the bottle is – i.e. how many ML of CBD oil you are buying, or how many capsules in each pot – as to how many mg of CBD you are getting for your money.

This can seem complicated.

One approach is to think about how many mg a day you want to be taking. This depends on your needs and your weight. Let's say for this example that it is 20mg a day.

So, if you buy a 10ml bottle of 8% CBD, it has 800mg of CBD within it. Therefore that bottle will last you 800 divided by 20 = 40 days, because you will be taking a serving from that bottle which has 20mg within it – the equivalent of 6 drops a day.

And, if you buy a 30ml bottle of 2.66% CBD, it still has 800mg of CBD in it. So that bottle will last you the same number of days but you will have to consume more of the oil per day to get your 20mg. So you will take 3 x more drops of the oil than the 10ml bottle, to get the same amount of CBD from it. So you will be taking 18 drops to get your 20mg.

You might think that the 2.66% bottle has less CBD than an 8% bottle, but as you can see they have the same amount.

You may prefer to take a more diluted product as you could find this more palatable. Or you might want to buy a more diluted product because you actually only want to take 5mg of CBD a day - that is of course up to you to decide.

Or you might decide you would like to try a high dosage in which case you could choose to buy 10ml with 4000mg (40% CBD - the strongest we sell) and each drop has 20mg of CBD. In that bottle, there would be 200 drops in total.

Or 30ml with 3000mg (10% CBD in a 30ml bottle) in which each drop is 5mg, and there are 600 drops in the bottle.

As a general rule what you are paying for is the mg of CBD, so that is what you want to compare when looking at price. Not the % which we think can in some cases be misleading.

It is like how much orange squash you are putting in a drink. Whether you are putting a dash in a tumbler or a pint glass, you are still putting in the same dash, but you have to drink more liquid from the pint glass than the tumbler to get the same amount of orange squash!

Finally, you will find that the CBD capsules and CBD sprays are more expensive per milligram of CBD because you are paying for not just the oil, but the different delivery method and for ease of use, or improved taste, you might think this is a price worth paying!


How to Store CBD


HOW DO YOU STORE CBD?

Store CBD in a cool location, away from direct sunlight. Keep your CBD products away from any heat sources such as household appliances and radiators. If you live in a particularly hot climate then storing your CBD in the fridge is a viable option, but for most climates you do not need to do this.

Make sure the seal on your storage container is tight, as exposure to oxygen can facilitate the breakdown of cannabinoids over time.


WHICH CBD BRANDS ARE AVAILABLE AT THE HEMP SHOP?

Try the best CBD oils, creams and edibles from these trusted CBD brands today! All of the products that we carry are 3rd party lab-tested, and certificates of analysis are available on the product pages. This ensures that you know exactly what you're getting when you buy CBD from The Hemp Shop.